BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)

BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) Full Form, Course, Eligibility Criteria, Duration, Colleges, Admission, Syllabus

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S.) is an undergraduate medical degree in the field of Unani medicine and surgery. B.U.M.S. is a degree that is considered completed in 5.5 years which involves 4.5 years of main course classes and 1-year internship. B.U.M.S education and training in India is regulated by Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), which is a statutory body under the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH). As per the official notification by CCIM, there are 1,706 seats for B.U.M.S. across the country. Aspiring candidates must fulfill the eligibility criteria of B.U.M.S. The admissions to the course are done through NEET.

Degree NameBachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery
Degree TypeUndergraduate (regular)
Duration5.5 years
DisciplineUnani Medical Science
Internship Duration1 year mandatory
Average FeeRs. 50,000 to Rs. 3,50,000
Average SalaryRs.200,000 to Rs. 1,200,000 per annum
Career OptionsScientist, Consultant, Pharmacist, Therapist, Drug Inspector, Medical Assistant, Professor

Definition of B.U.M.S

BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) is an undergraduate degree Persian physician have been adopted and flagged this system. programme in the field of Unani medicine and surgery. This degree covers the medical knowledge of the Unani system. To pursue and owe this degree is quite enough to become a doctor (Hakim) in the Unani medical field. Unani is the system of alternative medicines. The patients are taken care by enhancing the natural healing power of the human body. The concept of Unani is that the body rejuvenates itself because of its self healing power. We just need to help it by enhancing the natural healing power.

Unani is the fourth most popular medication system in India after the allopathic, ayurvedic and homeopathic system. According to this system there are four elements in human body as the Blood, Phlegm, yellow bile and the black bile. This is similar to the Ayurveda in term of the four elements and as popular as the Ayurveda.

The Unani medicine system has come in India around the 12th century under the rule of Mughal empires’ King, Allauddin Khilji. According to this system the treatment of any disease through this system depends on the proper diagnosis. The clinical features as the sign, symptoms, laboratory features and mijaz are important to diagnose any disease.

Unani system has been showing outstanding results in curing diseases like:

•  Eczema
•  Vitiligo
•  Rheumatoid
•  Leucoderma
•  Arthritis
•  Psoriasis
•  Bronchial Asthma
•  Jaundice
•  Filariasis
•  Acute and chronic diseases

B.U.M.S Course Duration

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS) is one of the popular degrees in the field of Unani medicine. It is the UG degree which is almost sufficient to get the job. This degree is awarded after the completion of 5.5 years academic programme containing the 4 .5 year academic session and 1 year internship programme with live practical. The undergraduate programme in Unani system can be pursued through the distance education system.

B.U.M.S Course Eligibility

The basic requirement for the eligibility to get the admission to BUMS programme is qualifying the 10+2 examination with 50% marks. The candidate must have the physics, chemistry and biology in 12th class. The students who have the language Urdu in 12th class or having proficiency in Urdu language has given the preference in admission.

B.U.M.S Course Syllabus

The syllabus of B.U.M.S. covers subjects that provide extensive knowledge of Unani to the students. Some of the major subjects included are Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, etc. The B.U.M.S. Syllabus for the entire 4.5 years academic course (excluding internship) is mentioned below. Candidates can refer to the following table to know the detailed curriculum or syllabus of B.U.M.S.

B.U.M.S Syllabus

Professional Year I

Arabic and MantiqwaFalsafa (Logic Philosophy and Astronomy)

KulliyatUmoore Tabiya (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine)

TashreehUl Badan (Anatomy)

MunafeulAaza (Physiology)


Professional Year II

Tareekh-e-tib (History of Medicine)

TahaffuziwaSamaji Tib (Preventive and Community Medicine)


Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology)


Professional Year III

Communication skills

IlmulSaidlawaMurakkabat (Unani Pharmacy)

Tibbe QanooniwaIlmulSamoom (Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology)

SareeriyatwaUsoole Ilaj (Bedside clinic and principles of management)

Ilaj Bit Tadbeer (Regional Therapy)

Amraz-e-Atfal (Paediatrics)


Professional Year IV

Moalajat – I (General Medicine)

Moalajat– II

Amraze Niswan (Gynaecology)

IlmulQabalatwaNaumalood (Obstetrics and Neonatology)

IlmulJarahat (Surgery)

Ain, Uzn, Anaf, Halaq wa Asnan (Ophthalmology and Diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat)

Career Options After B.U.M.S.

Some of the top job roles that a candidate can get after pursuing B.U.M.S. are-

•   Scientist
•   Consultant
•   Lecturer
•   Therapist
•   Pharmacist
•   Unani Distributor
•   Drug Inspector
•   Hakeem
•   Medical Assistant

After B.U.M.S Career

After BUMS course there are a good number of career opportunities after completing Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery. Candidates can work for the profile of Consultant, Lecturer, Scientist, Therapist, Pharmacist, Hakeem, Private practice. etc. in a wide range of sectors, namely, Unani Clinic, Unani Medical Colleges, Unani Research Institutes, Unani Consultancies, Unani Charitable Institutions.

Candidates after completing BUMS course can expect an average high salary ranging between INR 3,00,000 to INR 10, 00,000 per annum. Salary increases with experience and expertise. There are ample opportunities in this field to explore and grow.

The following table includes some of the most common job profiles:

Unani Consultant:-An Unani consultant gives personal medical advice and treatment to the patients. They adhere to Unani principles and treatments.
Unani Institute Lecturer:-Unani Institute Lecturer teaches different Unani Medicine practices and treatments in Unani Medicine Institutes.
Unani Therapist:-Unani Therapists provide unani therapies to patients. Unani therapists can work in Hospital or do private practice.
Hakeem:-A medical professional who uses Unani Medicine to treat his or her patients. He treats all main illnesses and also conducts surgeries in accordance with Unani Medicine principles.
Unani Chemist:-An Unani Chemist makes Unani medicines for sale purposes, they either sell it directly to patients or to medical shops.
Unani Medicine Pharmacist:-Unani Medicine Pharmacist owns Unani medical stores. They are authorized to sell any type of Unani Medicine and advise buyers on which medicine to purchase.

Top Recruiters

Some of the major recruiters or sectors for the graduates of BUMS course are Medical Colleges are given below in the tabular chart:

Unani Medical CollegesUnani Clinic
Life science industriesUnani Consultancies
Unani dispensariesUnani Pharmaceutical industries like Hamdard
Research Center and Labouraties Unani Nursing Homes 

B.U.M.S Scope

• There are a good number of opportunities after completing a BUMS course. Students can expect a promising career in the medical and health sector.

• Candidates also have the option for higher studies, they can do MS or MD in the related specialization. The candidate can also go for a Ph.D. post completing the master’s degree.

• Unani is the fourth most popular medical system, therefore Unani medicine research is carried out in a large sector. Unani medicine is popular for simple treatments and effective results.

• Students can also teach in the Medical Institute as a Unani Medicine Lecturer.

• Students can also go for many other job profiles like Therapist, Consultant, Medical assistant, Pharmacist, Hakeem, Private practice, Scientist, etc.


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