Bangladesh

ABOUT BANGLADESH

Bangladesh is a country in South Asia. It is one of the most populous countries in the world. The country has a population of about 163 million. Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. The neighboring countries are India and Myanmar. Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. In addition, it is the largest city in the country.

Bangladesh has a typical monsoon climate characterized by rain-bearing winds, moderately warm temperatures, and high humidity. In general, maximum temperatures in the summer months, from April to September, are in the low to mid-90s F (mid-30s C). April is the warmest month in most parts. The range of high temperatures in the winter months, from November to March, is greater than in the summer months. January is the coolest month, with high temperatures averaging in the mid-to-upper 70s F (mid-20s C).

Bangladesh in general possesses luxuriant vegetation, with villages appearing to be buried in groves of mango, jackfruit, bamboo, betel nut, coconut, and date palm. However, only a small portion of the country’s land surface is covered with forests. The eastern zone, consisting of parts of the Sylhet and Chittagong areas, has many low hills covered with jungles of bamboo and rattan (a species of climbing palm). The most common plant is a large type of bamboo that forms the basis of the country’s paper industry. The central zone, covering parts of the country to the north of Dhaka, contains many lakes and supports swampy vegetation; the soil of part of this zone produces the Madhupur jungles.

The most significant feature of the Bangladesh landscape is provided by the rivers, which have molded not only its physiography but also the way of life of the people. The rivers may be divided into five systems: (1) The Padma (or Ganges) and its deltaic streams, (2) the Meghna and the Surma river system, (3) the Jamuna and its adjoining channels, (4) the North Bengal rivers, and (5) the rivers of the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the adjoining plains.

It has a predominantly Muslim population. This makes it the third-largest Muslim-majority country. The religion Islam is followed by 90 percent of the population. Apart from this, most Bangladeshis are Bengali Muslims. Bengali is the most widely spoken language in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has a literacy rate of 74.7%.